Repurposing is the use of a product or material for different function than it was originally produced for. Repurposed materials are often associated with architectural design features and art projects. However, identifying alternative uses for outdated assets will not only save disposal fees but also save material costs spent elsewhere.¹

AboutMarketplace ExamplesCircular PrinciplesButterfly Diagram
Use discarded products or its parts in a new product with a different function or purpose.


CIRCULAR REpurposing for buildings is quite common especially in abandoned or decaying industrial areas. Often furniture and other consumer goods can be repurposed but often without true circular outcomes thus delaying landfill or recycling.
I Was A Sari

Timberland shoes and Omni United
Waste as a resource:
Products or parts that have reached its end of its first use-cycle.

Business models:
Manufacturing, Building refurbishment, Creative arts, Retail sales.

Circular Design: Durability, Repairability, New designs for second or even third use-cycles.
Technical: Remanufacture, Refurbish

Circular Economy Butterfly Diagram


In a circular economy both natural (biological) and man-made (technical) materials circulate in production cycles. Refer to Circular Economy for a more detailed description.

Knowledge Centre


  1. World Business Council for Sustainable Development: Circular Economy Practitioner Guide: