Circular Repair


Repairing forms part of the inner circle of the Circular Economy Butterfly diagram as we revalue the finite resources embedded in the consumer products we own. Yet it is also about maintaining the utility of the products for a long as possible and only replacing those components that are worn or broken. However products also need to be designed in such a way to ensure repairs can be easily completed.

AboutMarketplace ExamplesCircular PrinciplesButterfly Diagram
Fixing the faulty part of a product to restore it to a usable condition.

Repair and maintenance of defective products so it can be used with its original function.

CIRCULAR REpair is the first and most preferred method in the circular economy to prolong a product’s life as it preserves the current state, energy and materials of the product. CIRCULAR REpair can involve SME's, communities and social enterprises to provide repair and maintenance services accessible and affordable.

Generally has not been tested or limited testing and may not include a warranty.
Fairphone - The Netherlands

iFixit - USA

The Repair Cafe - The Netherlands

Empowering Repair - Ellen MacArthur Foundation UK

The Restart Project - UK
Waste as a resource: Products that are broken, damaged or defective are to be repaired.

Business models: Repair services, B2C exchanges, Training, Sale of spare parts

Circular Design:
Durability, Repairability, Disassembly, Modularity
Technical: Maintain, Prolong

Circular Economy Butterfly Diagram


In a circular economy both natural (biological) and man-made (technical) materials circulate in production cycles. Refer to Circular Economy for a more detailed description.

Knowledge Centre