R0 – Refuse

The 9Rs


The 9R’s or “Circular Re” is a collection of nine activities that make up the circular economy. Although these activities are already present in the linear economy they are treated as a standalone activity.

As we move forward we must begin to, increasingly, refuse products and services that are not circular and sustainable.

We have adapted the original 9R Framework to include a legal structure for businesses and consumers to assist in defining these activities during the course of consumer transactions. These legal parameters need not be fixed as businesses must remain competitive and offer a range a options according to their capability. To learn more visit the Circular Activities page to links to 9R actions.

R1 ~ Rethink

R4 ~ Recovery

R2 ~ Reduce

R5 ~ Refurbish

Click here to download a copy

Click here to download a copy

To download a PDF file of the 9R’s click here